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Advances in Meteorology

www.hindawi.com/journals/amete/rss.xml

... propagation echo is one of the representative nonprecipitation echoes generated by an abnormal refraction phenomenon of a radar beam. Abnormal refraction occurs when the tem-perature and the humidity change dramatically. In such a case, the ...


Atmospheric Error Correction of the Laser Beam Ranging

www.hindawi.com/journals/amete/2014/294741/

... in angels less than 10 degrees [ 2 ]. Due to the atmosphere and turbulence, beam ref-raction induced error through the laser range finding systems. Atmospheric refraction index increased the mean optical path. The group velocity error ...


Study on the Detectability of the Sky-Surface Wave Hybrid Radar

www.hindawi.com/journals/jam/2014/602075/

... be ignored. 1. Introduction Sky-wave and surface-wave OTH radar take advantage of characteristics of HF electromagnetic wave refraction by the ionosphere and diffraction on the sea surface respectively to achieve the targets detection. The ...


International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences β€” An ...

www.hindawi.com/journals/ijmms/citations/2/

... N. Abd-alla, Abdelmonam M. Hamdan, Ivan Giorgio, and Dionisio Del Vescovo, β€œThe mathematical model of reflection and refraction of longitudinal waves in thermo-piezoelec-tric materials,” Archive of Applied Mechanics , 2014. View at ...


Influence of Ionospheric Irregularities on GNSS Remote Sensing

www.hindawi.com/journals/amete/2015/532015/

... ]: where , Note that contrary to the second term, the first term on the right-hand side in ( 25 ) accounts for the regular-refraction influence on the random component of the third-order error. According to the numerical simulation, the ...


An Intercomparison of GPS RO Retrievals with Colocated Analysis and ...

www.hindawi.com/journals/amete/2010/715749/

... ( ), impact parameter ( ), and tangent point describe this excess Doppler shift [ 18 ]. The refraction index ( ) is related to the above quantities via If the refraction index is ass-umed constant within each atmospheric layer while the ...


A 3.5-Dimensional Variational Method for Doppler Radar Data A ...

www.hindawi.com/journals/amete/2010/797265/

... tangential to the radar beam at the observation point and is computed by considering the effects of the standard atmospheric refraction and Earth curvature (see Doviak and Zrnić [ 29 , ( ) and ( )]). Calculate the innovation at each ...


Shear Current Effects on Monochromatic Water Waves Crossing Trenches

www.hindawi.com/journals/jam/2015/256084/

... propagate over the nonuniform bottom topography and shear current field, they undergo many physical phenomenon including refraction and partial reflection. It is well known that the nearshore and coastal environments with the stability of ...


The Second-Order Born Approximation in Diffuse Optical Tomography

www.hindawi.com/journals/jam/2012/637209/

... boundary, 𝜈 is the unit outward normal vector on the boundary, Ξ¦ is the photon density, π‘ž is a source term, π‘Ž is a refraction parameter, and πœ‡ π‘Ž , πœ‡ ξ…ž 𝑠 , and πœ… = 1 / 3 ( πœ‡ π‘Ž + πœ‡ ξ…ž 𝑠 ) are the ...


Precipitable Water Vapor Estimates in the Australian Region from ...

www.hindawi.com/journals/amete/2015/956481/

... View at Publisher Β· View at Google Scholar Β· View at Scopus J. Saastamoinen, β€œCo-ntributions to the theory of atmospheric refraction,” Bulletin GΓ©odΓ©sique , vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 279–298, 1972. View at Publisher Β· View at Google ...


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